During identification of liverwort specimens deposited in the Herbarium of Xinjiang University, one new record species in China Cephaloziella turneri (Hook.) Müll. Frib.; two new record families in Xinjiang (Anastrophyllaceae L. Söderstr., De Roo & Hedd. and Adelanthaceae Grolle); three new recorded genus Anastrepta (Lindb.) Schiffn., Alobiellopsis R.M. Schust. and Syzygiella Spruce; and four newly recorded species Anastrepta orcadensis (Hook) Schiffn, Plagiochila duthiana Steph., Alobiellopsis parvifolius (Steph.) R. M. Schust. and Syzygiella autumnalis (DC.) K. Feldberg, Váňa, Hentschel & Heinrichs were found. In this paper, the morphological characteristics and geographical distribution of the above five species are described in detail, and the micro-morphology photos are provided. This study enrich the liverwort flora of Xinjiang and China.