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张克荣,张小全,李潜,赵铭石,王龙柱,张全发. 退化生态系统近自然精准修复—基于自然的解决方案[J]. 植物科学学报,2023,41(6):751−758. doi: 10.11913/PSJ.2095-0837.23181
引用本文: 张克荣,张小全,李潜,赵铭石,王龙柱,张全发. 退化生态系统近自然精准修复—基于自然的解决方案[J]. 植物科学学报,2023,41(6):751−758. doi: 10.11913/PSJ.2095-0837.23181
Zhang KR,Zhang XQ,Li Q,Zhao MS,Wang LZ,Zhang QF. Near-natural precise restoration of degraded ecosystems: Nature-based solutions[J]. Plant Science Journal,2023,41(6):751−758. doi: 10.11913/PSJ.2095-0837.23181
Citation: Zhang KR,Zhang XQ,Li Q,Zhao MS,Wang LZ,Zhang QF. Near-natural precise restoration of degraded ecosystems: Nature-based solutions[J]. Plant Science Journal,2023,41(6):751−758. doi: 10.11913/PSJ.2095-0837.23181

退化生态系统近自然精准修复—基于自然的解决方案

Near-natural precise restoration of degraded ecosystems: Nature-based solutions

  • 摘要: 生态系统退化导致生态系统服务功能丧失,对人类福祉产生了深远影响。修复退化生态系统并提升其生态服务功能是全球面临的重大挑战。本文梳理了目前退化生态系统修复的使命与目标,提出“基于自然的解决方案”是生态修复的必然选择;提出“近自然精准修复”的概念,并阐述了近自然精准修复的理论基础和主要技术途径,介绍了南水北调中线工程水源地—丹江口水库库周退化生态系统近自然精准修复的实践案例,从而建立了“近自然精准修复”的理论框架。

     

    Abstract: Ecosystem degradation diminishes ecosystem services and can have a profound impact on human well-being. Restoring the degraded ecosystems and enhancing ecological services are major global challenges. In this paper, we provide an overview of the missions and goals of ecological restoration and propose that nature-based solutions are essential for such restoration efforts. We also propose the concept of “near-natural precise restoration”, detailing its theoretical basis and key technical approaches. Finally, we introduce a case study concerning the near-natural precise restoration of degraded ecosystems around Danjiangkou Reservoir, a crucial water source region for the middle route of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project. Taken together, this review establishes a theoretical framework for near-natural precise restoration.

     

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