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胡佳诺,余梓萌,张心怡,张平,杨平仿. 莲的花色研究进展[J]. 植物科学学报,2023,41(6):800−808. doi: 10.11913/PSJ.2095-0837.23255
引用本文: 胡佳诺,余梓萌,张心怡,张平,杨平仿. 莲的花色研究进展[J]. 植物科学学报,2023,41(6):800−808. doi: 10.11913/PSJ.2095-0837.23255
Hu JN,Yu ZM,Zhang XY,Zhang P,Yang PF. Studies on flower pigmentation in Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.[J]. Plant Science Journal,2023,41(6):800−808. doi: 10.11913/PSJ.2095-0837.23255
Citation: Hu JN,Yu ZM,Zhang XY,Zhang P,Yang PF. Studies on flower pigmentation in Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.[J]. Plant Science Journal,2023,41(6):800−808. doi: 10.11913/PSJ.2095-0837.23255

莲的花色研究进展

Studies on flower pigmentation in Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.

  • 摘要: 莲(Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.)是我国十大名花之一,其观赏价值在很大程度上取决于花色的多样性。植物的花色形成主要由花青素决定,然而,目前对莲花色形成的相关报道较少,其具体分子机制仍有待完善。本文综述了莲花色形成的相关研究,归纳了莲花瓣中主要色素成分的研究进展,并对参与花青素合成通路的结构基因和调控基因进行了梳理与总结,旨在为今后进一步探索莲花色形成的分子机制提供参考,为莲的花色育种提供理论基础。

     

    Abstract: The lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.) ranks among the 10 most eminent flowers in China, with its ornamental value primarily attributed to the color diversity of its petals. In general, color formation in plants is largely influenced by anthocyanins. However, few studies have been conducted on the lotus and the molecular mechanisms underlying petal color formation remain incompletely understood. This review focuses on studies related to lotus petal coloration, summarizing advances in our understanding of the pigment constituents, as well as structural and regulatory genes involved in the anthocyanin biosynthesis pathway. The primary objective of this review is to provide a reference for further study of the mechanisms governing lotus color formation and propose directions for future lotus breeding.

     

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